Research: Fish Caught at Hudson River Park, 1988 – 2017

From 1988 to 2017 The River Project caught and identified 50 species of fish in the lower Hudson River at Hudson River Park. In 2007, we moved approximately .5 miles up river to Pier 40 where we continue to gather data on local fish populations. 

Below is a list of all fish species collected at Hudson River Park. The 50 species identified, represent 42 genera, 33 families, and 15 orders of fishes. Fish were caught using passive trapping techniques (traps suspended to hang just off the bottom of the river). Any fish caught by other methods are referenced at the bottom of the list. 

Family

Common name

Genus

Species

Origin

Anguillidae - freshwater eels

American eel

Anguilla

rostrata

Catadromous

Congridae - conger eels

conger eel

Conger

oceanicus

Temperate marine stray

Clupeidae - herring

Atlantic herring

Clupea

harengus

Temperate marine stray

Gadidae - codfishes

tomcod

Microgadus

tomcod

Anadromous

Gadidae - codfishes

pollock

Pollachius

virens

Temperate marine stray

Gadidae - codfishes

spotted hake

Urophycis

regia

Temperate marine stray

Gadidae - codfishes

white hake

Urophycis

tenuis

Temperate marine stray

Batrachoididae - toadfishes

oyster toadfish

Opsanus

tau

Temperate marine stray

Belonidae - needlefishes

Atlantic needlefish

Strongylura

marina

Permanent/seasonally resident marine

Cyprinodontidae - killfishes

eastern banded killifish

Fundulus

diaphanus diaphanus

Freshwater/Atlantic Coast refugium

Cyprinodontidae - killfishes

mummichog

Fundulus

heteroclitus

Estuarine

Atherinidae - silversides

Atlantic silverside

Menidia

menidia

Temperate marine stray

Gasterosteidae - sticklebacks

fourspine stickleback

Apeltes

quadracus

Estuarine

Gasterosteidae - sticklebacks

threespine stickleback

Gasterosteus

aculeatus

Permanent/seasonally resident marine

Syngnathidae - seahorses and pipefishes

lined seahorse

Hippocampus

erectus

Temperate marine stray

Syngnathidae - seahorses and pipefishes

northern pipefish

Syngnathus

fuscus

Permanent/seasonally resident marine

Triglidae - sea robins

northern sea robin

Prionotus

carolinus

Temperate marine stray

Triglidae - sea robins

striped sea robin

Prionotus

evolans

Temperate marine stray

Cottidae - sculpins

grubby

Myoxocephalus

aenaeus

Permanent/seasonally resident marine

Cottidae - sculpins

longhorn sculpin

Myoxocephalus

octodecemspinosus

Temperate marine stray

Moronidae - river basses

white perch

Morone

americana

Estuarine

Moronidae - river basses

striped bass

Morone

saxatilis

Anadromous

Serranidae - sea basses

black sea bass

Centropristis

striata

Temperate marine stray

Serranidae - sea basses

gag grouper

Mycteroperca

microlepis*

Tropical marine stray

Pomatomidae - bluefishes

bluefish

Pomatomus

saltatrix

Permanent/seasonally resident marine

Rachycentridae - cobias

cobia

Rachycentron

canadum++*

Temperate marine stray

Carangidae - jacks

crevalle jack

Caranx

hippos

Permanent/seasonally resident marine

Lutjanidae - snappers

gray snapper

Lutjanus

griseus*

Tropical marine stray

Sparidae - porgies

scup (porgy)

Stenotomus

chrysops

Temperate marine stray

Sparidae - porgies

sheepshead

Archosargus

probatocephalus*

Temperate marine stray

Sciaenidae - drums

silver perch

Bairdiella

chrysoura

Temperate marine stray

Sciaenidae - drums

weakfish

Cynoscion

regalis

Permanent/seasonally resident marine

Sciaenidae - drums

spot (Lafayette)

Leiostomus

xanthurus+

Permanent/seasonally resident marine

Chaetodontidae - butterflyfishes

foureye butterflyfish

Chaetodan

capistratus*

Tropical marine stray

Chaetodontidae - butterflyfishes

spotfin butterflyfish

Chaetodan

ocellatus*

Tropical marine stray

Labridae - wrasses

tautog (blackfish)

Tautoga

onitis

Temperate marine stray

Labridae - wrasses

cunner (bergall, chogy)

Tautogolabrus

adspersus

Temperate marine stray

Pholidae - gunnels

rock gunnel

Pholis

gunnellus

Temperate marine stray

Blenniidae - combtooth blennies

feather blenny

Hypsoblennius

hentz

Tropical marine stray

Gobiesocidae - clingfishes

skilletfish

Gobiesox

strumosus

Estuarine

Gobiidae - gobies

naked goby

Gobiosoma

bosc

Permanent/seasonally resident marine

Gobiidae - gobies

seaboard goby

Gobiosoma

ginsburgi

Temperate marine stray

Scombridae - mackerels

Atlantic mackerel

Scomber

scombrus

Temperate marine stray

Stromateidae - butterfishes

butterfish

Peprilus

triacanthus

Temperate marine stray

Bothidae - lefteye flounders

summer flounder (fluke)

Paralichthys

dentatus

Permanent/seasonally resident marine

Bothidae - lefteye flounders

windowpane

Scophthalmus

aquosus

Permanent/seasonally resident marine

Pleuronectidae - righteye flounders

winter flounder

Pleuronectes

americanus

Permanent/seasonally resident marine

Balistidae - leatherjackets

orange filefish

Aluterus

schoepfi

Temperate marine stray

Ostraciidae - boxfishes

spotted trunkfish

Lactophrys

bicaudalis*

Temperate marine stray

Tetraodontidae - puffers

northern puffer

Sphoeroides

maculatus

Temperate marine stray


Taxonomy and origins from Tom Lake's Hudson River Fish Fauna, 1999, citing as a taxonomic reference: Nelson, Joseph S., Edwin J. Crossman, Héctor Espinosa-Pérez, Lloyd T. Findley, Carter R. Gilbert, Robert N. Lea, and James D. Williams. 2004 Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the United States and Canada, and Mexico, 6th edition. American Fisheries Society Special Publications 29, Bethesda, MD. 

Diversity:
Class: 1
Orders: 15
Families: 33
Genera: 41
Species: 50

Method of capture:
Fish were caught in baited or unbaited killie traps set from the pier on the mud bottom, unless marked with symbols:
+ Caught by rod and reel.
++ Caught with dip net.
+++ Caught midwater in killie trap
* Species Scarce locally
* Unusual specimens
  cobia - only one individual of this species has been previously reported in the River, in 1895.
  foureye butterflyfish - unique specimen
  trunkfish - unique specimen
  spotfin butterflyfish
  gray snapper
  gag grouper